Shilpa Verma was worried when her 14yr daughter Roomi start getting all those symptoms which she herself used to get when she was young . Her daughter complain of excessive hair growth, irregular cycles and all other typical symptoms of PCOS.
And her fear turned into reality when she visited a gynaecologist and on USG and hormonal examination it came out as the final diagnosis.
Studies say PCOS affects five to 10 per cent women in the reproductive age (approximately 11 to 48-year-olds). Among the leading causes of female subfertility, it's a common endocrine problem in women.
Ask Shilpa and she says that in her friend circle few of them had this problem but ask Roomi , she will tell you that many of her friends is having some symptoms related to it.
"Now, not a single day goes without me meeting at least one teenager complaining about irregular periods, excessive hair growth, acne, male pattern baldness, decreased menses or excessive flow," Dr Manisha says while talking to Detcare.
So why is PCOS on rise?
"Obesity is one of the main reasons why PCOS is on the rise. Most youngsters eat processed and junk food, which leads to quick weight gain. Add to that strenuous academic schedules and extracurricular activities, and they're left with no time to exercise." She says.
“Another reason may be improper diagnosis - There may be or may not be any ultrasound finding of polycystic ovaries, but that finding alone cannot be used to diagnose PCOS. Why? Because polycystic ovaries occur in up to 25% of normal women, and also in many women on the birth control pills. Would a family doctor or OB/GYN really attach the label of PCOS to a normal woman solely based on one ultrasound finding?
Sadly, the answer is ‘Yes’ in many cases, and that can lead to a lot of unnecessary confusion and medication. Hence the diagnosis must be made holistically and not based on just one symptom.”
The treatment options include both the lifestyle changes and proper medication.
When PCOS is associated with obesity, weight management is the most effective method of restoring ovulation and menstruation. And if lifestyle changes do not work, hormonal medications play a crucial role.
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