Defying the odds of medicine, a newborn baby weighing just 400 gm has survived after her premature birth in Udaipur and gained normalcy after completing a six-month-long clinical course, with her parents and doctors having struggled hard to keep her alive and healthy. The girl was discharged from hospital on Thursday.
Neonatologist Sunil Janged, who led a team of doctors and nursing staff for ensuring the girl’s incredible survival, claimed that she was the smallest newborn baby to survive in India and South Asia. The last reported such survival was a baby, Rajni, weighing 450 g, at Mohali in 2012.
The girl, named Manushi by the nursing staff of Jivanta Children’s Hospital, was born to a couple married for 35 years. When her mother’s blood pressure became uncontrollable halfway through her pregnancy and the ultrasonography revealed absence of blood flow to the foetus, a caesarean section was conducted on her on June 15, 2017.
Manushi weighed 400 grams and measured just 8.6 inches when she was born, her minuscule feet being only slightly bigger than a fingernail. She was not breathing when she was born, but the couple decided to fight to keep her alive.
“To salvage a baby of this size was a challenging task. There is no reported survival of a newborn weighing this small in the Indian sub-continent,” said Dr. Janged. As she was struggling to breathe, she was shifted to the neontal intensive care unit (NICU) and put on ventilator to expand her tiny and immature lungs.
To salvage a baby of this size was challenging. She was put on advanced respiratory support to help her breathe. Since her guts were immature, she was given total parenteral nutrition to ensure she got all the essential nutrients, such as amino acids, lipids, carbohydrates, minerals, multivitamins and trace elements directly into blood circulation, doctors said.
“The biggest challenge for our team was to prevent any infection to her and our team managed it very well,” said Dr. Janged.
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