HAIR PROBLEMS

Dr MANOJ KUMAR T G

 

COPING WITH HAIR PROBLEMS

 

Severe hair shedding may cause anguish. When the number of hair lost increased over two hundred per day , it will be noticeable by the host,who may become desperately anxious and scary of becoming bald.

Women may worry more about the growth of coarse dark hairs in wrong places, such as on the upper lips, chest etc.

Men seldom complaints too much of hairin their body and hence, this is not all a problem for them.

Anatomy and Structure of Hair

The hair we see above the scalp is dead and the growing end of hair (hair bulb) is deeply embedded into the scalp. Thecore of hair contains a pigment called melanin which is absent in grey hair.

The cuticle - the hard outer layer ofhair – is made up of overlapping scales. A typical scalp contains about 100000 hair follicles and from each one grows many hairs in a life time; every hair grows for about thousand days and remain in same condition for about 100 days before it falls out after death ..it is replaced by a new hair from the same root.

Normally, we lose about 100 hairs a day.

Types of Hair

Curly or Straight:

This depends on the gene inherited from one’s parents.

Greasy or Dry:

 The overactive grease glands result in greasy hair while underactive glands result in dry and brittle hair.

Long Hair:

Hair grows a few millimeterseach day. There is a maximum length to which hair grows before shedding. Cutting will not make hair grow faster or longer because it is a dead tissue and that it is growing from the bottom, not from the tip, as majority of people think.

Hair gets straggly with split ends and cutting end makes it looks thicker.

Thick or Thin Hair:

Thick or thin texture of hair is due to hormonal variationsor age

Causes of Hair Fall

Nutritional Causes:

Protein rich diet is very essential; nutrients make hair vibrant and strong. Excessive intake of sour and spicy food like picklesmay increase hair fall.

Food rich in proteins, antioxidants, vitamins and amino acids are necessary for the vibrant growth of hair.Vitamins A, D, E and K, which are soluble in water,are also necessary for the active growth of hair. hair oils just act as a stimulant, medicinal content in the hair oil will also do well for hair growth.

 

Other Causes

Anemia, thyroid illness after child birth, excessive exposure to sunlight and pollutants are some of the common causes of hair problems.

Mental stress also plays an important role in hair fall.

Sleeping problems, frontal sinusitis and allergic rhinitisalso adversely affecthair follicles. The heat produced during headache /migraine also makes the hair follicles open, resulting in hair fall.

Types of Hair Diseases

Weathering:

As hair grows, the cuticle become rough and weathered due to our day to day activity which  includs brushing and combing,

Singeing:

This leads to hair breakage and split ends. So, cuthair offto prevent from splitting further.

Dandruff:

The skin of the scalp is continuously growing and sheds the dead skin as scales. Excessive scaling of scalp is perceived as a problem by most people.

Inflammation of the scalp, due to seborrheic dermatitis or psoriasis, increases scaling and dandruff.

Frequent washing with anti-dandruff shampoo will help control dandruff temporarily. Hot oil massage is also helpful. Drinking adequate water also helps prevent dehydration ofthe scalp.

Premature Greying (Canities)

Low level of melanocytes and melanosomes will result in decreased melanin and thyroxine activities. Greying of hair is genetically determined and may start at any age; early greying, normally before thirties, is usually familial.

Stress also plays an important role in premature greying. It is also seen in various syndromes, such as Wernersyndrome and Rothmund-Thomson syndrome.

Hypertrichosis;

Can be in localized areas or all over the body.

 It is an overgrowth of hair, not localized to androgen dependent areas of the skin.

Patchy Baldness- (Alopecia Areata)

Evidences prove that it an autoimmune disease, modified by genetic factors and aggravated by emotional stress,

Telogen Effluvium:

It is a scalp disorder characterized by the thinning or shedding of hair, resulting from the early entry of hair to the telogen / resting phase of  hair follicles, resulting from traumatism of normal hair by certain stimulants.

Anagen Effluvium:

It is the pathological loss of anagen - active growth phase of hairfollicles - caused by the administration of cancer chemotherapeutic agents likes antimetabolites, alkylating agents, mitotic inhibitors etc.

 

Hirsutism

It is an excessive growth of hair on a woman in places usually seen on men, such as the face, chest, back and abdomen.

Hirsutism is due to theexcessive secretion of androgen from adrenals or excessive stimulation by the pituitarytumors. The excessive secretion may be because of functional excesses or neoplastic processes.

All cases of severe or progressive hirsutism should be investigated under  the guidance of an endocrinologist .The most common condition is polycystic ovarian syndrome.

Homemade Methods to prevent Hair fall

Alternate hot oil massages, with a mixture of coconut oil and castor oil in equal amount with white of egg, is the best homemade remedy for hair fall.

Natural treatment is always good: mild shampoo withPouvoirHydrogen (pH) 4.5 to 5.5, or natural sikakai powder or hibiscus leaves can be used, inplace of shampoo.

Shampoo can be used once in week to remove dust and dirt;egg white or aloe vera pulp can be used as a conditioner. It is good to do scalp massage in round motion with your fingertips, before lying supine for five minutes, to increase blood circulation to the root of each hair follicle, so that the newone will become stronger.

Homoeopathic Treatment for Hair loss

Effective and successful homoeopathic therapy is available in the hands of an experienced doctor. Homeopathy can cure hair fall associated with autoimmune, endocrine and psychosomatic diseases.

Homoeopathic treatment varies with the constitution of the individual. If your mind and body are healthy and balanced, it will result in vibrant and healthy hair.

 

DR.MANOJ KUMAR T G  

 

KANNUR

Send Your Message


or

By signing up, I agree to terms