Age is an important factor in case of fertility issues. Age is having a major effect on female fertility when compared to men. For men age is not an important factor as it does not impact their fertility. Generally a decline in sperm is seen after 45 years of age. After 45 years of age, it will take longer for a man to cause pregnancy. The risk of health issues in babies also increases due to the old age of a man.
Chances of achieving a healthy pregnancy decreases as the woman’s age increases. Old age woman will not be able to release eggs and enter into menopause condition. The menopause results in infertility in women.
Pregnancy has both advantages and disadvantages at every age. The advantages and disadvantages vary with age and can have an effect on the baby’s health.
Getting Pregnant in 20s
When you plan for a pregnancy in your early 20s, it is probably the right time as the fertility peaks in early 20s. From a biological perspective early 20s is the perfect time for conceiving and carrying a baby.
During your reproductive years, your ovaries release around 300 eggs. As you get older, the quantity of eggs declines and gradually deteriorates. Eggs released by younger women have less genetic abnormalities when compared to older women. Risk of Down syndrome and other birth defects is very less in babies delivered to a younger woman
If you plan pregnancy in early 20s, you are less likely to have gynaecological problems like uterine fibroids. Physically it is easier to achieve pregnancy in early 20s because there is a low risk of major health issues like high blood pressure and diabetes.
Younger women are less likely to have a low birth weight baby or a premature baby when compared to women older than 35 years of age.
Getting Pregnant in 30s
Generally pregnancy in 30s is the best medium for motherhood. During 30s you are more like to have a sense of maturity and your responsibilities for growing your family. Pregnancy in early 30s will not have as many risks as compared to late 30s.
Till you reach late 30s there is a significant decrease in fertility. That’s the reason your gynaecologist will recommend you not to wait too long, especially when you want to have more than one child. Having a baby in early 30s makes a practical sense as you will be stable emotionally and physically to grow your family.
Many gynaecologists consider 30s as the ideal childbearing age as you will be more relaxed about being a mother than you were in your 20s.
Getting Pregnant in 40s
Achieving a healthy pregnancy is difficult at the age of 40. In few cases it is nearly impossible to achieve pregnancy using your own eggs after 45 years of age. In your early 40s and late 40s you can use fertility treatments like IVF and IUM to achieve a healthy pregnancy.
In early or late 40s the egg supply decreases significantly and older eggs are more likely to have chromosomal disorders. There is an increased risk of miscarriage and birth defects after 40 years of age.
According to many infertility specialists, there is a steep drop in fertility in the 40s. Fertility treatments are required after 40 years of age. IVF fertility treatment is generally used to achieve a healthy pregnancy in late 40s.
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