What tests check for blocked fallopian tubes?

What tests check for blocked fallopian tubes?

Before going to check what tests are appropriate for blocked fallopian tubes , we should know what a blocked fallopian tube is? So, a blocked fallopian tube is when there is an obstruction in the fallopian tube of a woman which prevents the ovum from moving down towards the uterus is known as blocked fallopian tube. 

 Fallopian tubes are a bridge between ovaries and uterus. An ovum is meant to reach the uterus once it is released from ovaries. But , if there is any blockage then it’s movement gets interrupted and the natural phenomenon of the body also gets interrupted , as a result of which it gives rise to many health problems or diseases like ectopic pregnancy , menstrual abnormalities , and many more other health issues. 


Blocked Fallopian Tube can be felt through certain symptoms like -

  • Mild to intense abdominal pain

  • Fever 

  • Pain with menstruation 

  • Foul vaginal discharge

  • Pain during intercourse 


What test is recommended by doctors when you are diagnosed with blocked fallopian tubes?

Blocked fallopian tubes cannot be tested through simple physical examination that’s why a special procedure called Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) test is done to check the status of the fallopian tube , which is basically a x-ray procedure through which doctors assess the condition of your fallopian tube and uterus. IVF Doctors usually do this procedure after your last menstruation and before you ovulate again , because there is less chance of getting pregnant again between this 2 weeks of time.


How should you prepare yourself for the HSG test?

Before undergoing a HSG  test your doctor may recommend you to take some pain medication or antibiotics . As it is a simple x-ray test , so there is nothing to panic. After the test you can go home. 


How is the procedure performed?

The machine which is used for this test is called a fluoroscope. Your gynaecologist will tell you to lay down under the fluoroscope . After that he/ she will insert a speculum into your vagina to widen it and will clean your cervix. Then , your doctor will insert a cannula (a thin tube) into the cervix and fill your uterus with liquid iodine . This iodine will form contrast and will help to detect blockage. Then , after removing the speculum , your doctor will take an image with the help of fluoroscopic x-ray. The contrasting liquid will show the outline of your uterus and fallopian tubes and how the fluid moves through them. You may feel some uterine cramps when your doctor will tell you to move around . After that , he / she will remove the cannula . you may experience some spotting for a few days after the procedure. 


Risks related to this test?

All the procedures have more or less risks so have HSG also . You may experience abdominal pain, cramps, foul vaginal discharge, fainting , vomiting and allergic reaction due that iodine solution in your uterus. It can also cause pelvic inflammatory disease and other infections. If you feel something is going wrong after this test you should immediately contact your doctor.


Treatments of blocked fallopian tube

For Single Tubal Blockage : Single tubal blockage is when you get blockage in only one fallopian tube . Comparatively,This is easier to cure. It is cured through some simple procedures. Doctors who are specialists in gynaecology,  normally recommend effective fertility drugs to patients to improve their capacity to ovulate regardless whichever side the tube is open without blockage.

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