Researchers aren’t sure what causes anaplastic astrocytomas. However, they may be associated with:
People with certain genetic disorders, such as neurofibromatosis type I (NF1), Li-Fraumeni syndrome, or tuberous sclerosis, have a higher risk of developing anaplastic astrocytoma. If you’ve had radiation therapy on your brain, you may also be at a higher risk.
Risk factors of developing astrocytomas are still unclear. According to studies, the diseases related to the nervous system as neurofibromatosis and other genetic diseases may lead to the development of astrocytomas.
The symptoms of an anaplastic astrocytoma can vary based on exactly where the tumor is, but they generally include:
Anaplastic astrocytomas are rare, so your doctor will start with a physical exam to rule out any other possible causes of your symptoms.
They may also use a neurological exam to see how your nervous system is working. This usually involves testing your balance, coordination, and reflexes. You may be asked to answer some basic questions so they can evaluate your speech and mental clarity.
If your doctor thinks you may have a tumor, they’ll likely use an MRI scan or CT scan to get a better look at your brain. If you do have an anaplastic astrocytoma, these images will also show its size and exact location.
There are several options for treating an anaplastic astrocytoma, depending on the size and location of the tumor.
Surgery is usually the first step in treating an anaplastic astrocytoma. In some cases, your doctor may be able to remove all or most of the tumor. However, anaplastic astrocytomas grow quickly, so your doctor may only be able to safely remove part of the tumor.
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy
If your tumor can’t be removed with surgery, or only part of it was removed, you may need radiation therapy. Radiation therapy destroys rapidly dividing cells, which tend to be cancerous. This will help to shrink the tumor or destroy any parts that weren’t removed during surgery.
You may also be given chemotherapy medication, such as temozolomide (Temodar), during or after radiation therapy.
The following lifestyles and home remedies might help you cope with ascariasis: