There are specific causes of paresthesia, associated with its different types
Anyone can experience temporary paresthesia. Your risk of radiculopathy increases with age. You also may be more prone to it if you:
Paresthesia, although a disease of its own, is also considered a symptom for many diseases. Some of the symptoms that occur with paresthesia include:
Diagnosis is based on history, physical examination and specific radiological studies.
Patient history: Information about the time of onset, duration and location of the paresthesia, as well as any pain or motor dysfunction associated with it have to be obtained from the patient. The patient should also be asked about past and current medical problems and medications, and any drug or toxic exposure.
Physical examination: The patient’s response to pain, touch, vibration, joint position and thermal sensation are measured using a sensory examination.
Laboratory evaluation: This involves a complete blood cell count, a chemistry profile, and a urinalysis.
Specific tests can be done to accurately determine the cause of paresthesia. These include:
The treatment options for paresthesia depend on the cause. If there is an underlying medical condition causing the symptoms, then treating the condition should also treat the paresthesia.
Rest and bracing
Paresthesia can be prevented in the real sense of the term only by seeking early medical care and complying with medications regularly. The presence of chronic paresthesia indicates poor control of a pre-existing medical condition. If the disease is under control, paresthesia might not occur.