Sneezing can be due to:
That trapped pressure can be the reason that holding in a sneeze can be dangerous, he says. For one, your ears can be at risk. When you hold in a sneeze, air and pressure can travel up your Eustachian tubes—small passageways linking your throat to your middle ear—and cause your eardrum to rupture.
Sometimes, however, dirt and debris can enter your nose and irritate the sensitive mucous membranes inside your nose and throat. When these membranes become irritated, it causes you to sneeze. ... inhalation of corticosteroids through a nasal spray. drug withdrawal.
One of the best ways to keep from sneezing is to avoid things that trigger you to sneeze. You can also make some simple changes in your home to reduce irritants.
Change the filters on your furnace to keep your home’s filtration system working properly. If you have pets that shed, you might consider cutting their hair or removing them from the home if their fur bothers you too much. You can kill dust mites on sheets and other linens by washing them in hot water, or water over 130°F (54.4°C). You might also decide to purchase an air filtration machine to clean the air in your home.
In extreme cases, you may need to get your home checked for mold spores, which may be causing your sneezing. If mold infests your home, you may need to move.
Treating the underlying causes of sneezing
If your sneezing is a result of allergies or an infection, you and your doctor can work together to treat the cause and resolve your sneezing.
If an allergy is the cause of your sneezing, your first step will be to avoid known allergens. Your doctor will teach you how to recognize these allergens, so you’ll know to stay away from them.
Over-the-counter and prescription medications called antihistamines are also available to relieve your symptoms. Some of the most common antiallergic medications are loratadine (Claritin) and cetirizine (Zyrtec).
If you have severe allergies, your doctor might recommend that you receive allergy shots. Allergy shots contain the extracts of purified allergens. Exposing your body to allergens in small, regulated doses helps keep your body from reacting to allergens in the future.
If you have an infection, such as the common cold or flu, your treatment options are more limited. Currently, no antibiotic is effective in treating the viruses that cause colds and the flu. You can use a nasal spray to relieve a congested or runny nose, or you can take an antiviral medication to speed up your recovery time if you have the flu. You should get plenty of rest and drink lots of fluids to help your body recover faster.
Irritants, such as pollen and dust, aggravate the nose and cause sneezing. Treating allergies is a good way to prevent sneezing. ... Once identified, a person might be able to avoid the allergen and prevent sneezing as a result of exposure to the allergen.