The situations and pressures that cause stress are known as stressors. We usually think of stressors as being negative, such as an exhausting work schedule or a rocky relationship. However, anything that puts high demands on you can be stressful. This includes positive events such as getting married, buying a house, going to college, or receiving a promotion.
Of course, not all stress is caused by external factors. Stress can also be internal or self-generated, when you worry excessively about something that may or may not happen, or have irrational, pessimistic thoughts about life.
Finally, what causes stress depends, at least in part, on your perception of it. Something that's stressful to you may not faze someone else; they may even enjoy it. While some of us are terrified of getting up in front of people to perform or speak, for example, others live for the spotlight. Where one person thrives under pressure and performs best in the face of a tight deadline, another will shut down when work demands escalate. And while you may enjoy helping care for your elderly parents, your siblings may find the demands of care taking overwhelming stressful.
Common external causes of stress include:
Common internal causes of stress include:
Ongoing, chronic stress, however, can cause or exacerbate many serious health problems, including: Mental health problems, such as depression, anxiety, and personality disorders. Cardiovascular disease, including heart disease, high blood pressure, abnormal heart rhythms, heart attacks, and stroke.
Stress usually first affects the emotions and causes psychological symptoms. Initial symptoms may include the following feelings:
These emotional states can then begin to affect a person's outward appearance; the affected individual may seem
As the stress level increases, or if it lasts over a longer period of time, a person may begin to experience more severe emotional or even physical symptoms:
In most cases, these symptoms are very minor and don't last very long. If they become more severe or increase in frequency and severity, seek medical help.
Stress is defined as a disruption of normal homeostasis. ... Diagnosis of stress, therefore, depends on a multitude of factors and is complex. A variety of approaches to the diagnosis of stress have been employed, including the use of questionnaires, biochemical measures, and physiologic techniques.
It may not be possible to remove the stress from your life; however, managing your stress may help you to get things done. Below are some ideas for managing stress:
Some examples of good ways to deal with stress:
These are ways to help you bounce back and become more resilient to stress.
Recognising the signs and symptoms of stress will help you figure out ways of coping and save you from adopting unhealthy methods such as drinking or smoking.
You can talk to your doctor about ways to help you bounce back and become more resilient to stress.
Reduce caffeine and sugar. The temporary "highs" caffeine and sugar provide often end in with a crash in mood and energy. By reducing the amount of coffee, soft drinks, chocolate, and sugar snacks in your diet, you'll feel more relaxed and you'll sleep better. Avoid alcohol, cigarettes, and drugs.